Руины Храма Христа Спасителя на горе Бойка

Большой Каньон Крыма — явление крайне замечательное, но и в его окрестностях существует немало интересных мест. Среди прочего, как я недавно выяснил, невдалеке от маршрута нашего похода по Каньону, на горном массиве Бойка, в районе горы Сотира (что в переводе с древнегреческого есть не что иное, как Спас) есть развалины древнего православного храма Христа Спасителя. О нём я и поведаю.

Бойка на рассвете. Вид с горы Орлиный Залёт.
Бойка на рассвете. Вид с горы Орлиный Залёт.

Храм этот построен в VII веке, и был, по словам археологов, весьма впечатляющим. Некоторые даже утверждают, что он являлся чуть ли не самым большим храмом в горах Крыма. На сколько это правда, я не знаю, но судя по руинам это был трехнефный и трехапсидный полностью каменный храм размерами 27 на 18 метров, что, по тем временам, очень даже немало. Так же стоит учитывать, что строительство велось на высоте более 1100 метров…

Руины храма.
Фотография взята с сайта Ялита.com
Руины храма на горе Бойка. jalita.com

Кроме самого храма в этой же местности существовало несколько (на данный момент откопали шесть) поселений. Все они находились возле горных источников, коих здесь хватает. К примеру, поблизости ручья Йохаган-Су, который впадает в Аузун-Узень — речку, текущую по дну Каньона, есть довольно хорошо сохранившиеся участи стен и руины домов. Вся территория поселения была отлично защищена — почти со всех сторон либо скалы, либо обрывы, а там где их нет, были построены оборонительные стены и прокопаны рвы.

Вся эта местность в то время называлась «Почтенная Пойка». Происхождение слова «Пойка» имеет две версии, по одной из них это, в переводе с древнеиранского, луг или пастбище, а по другой — тюркский вариант татарского слова «Биюк-Кая» – Большая Скала. От сюда и современное название — «Бойка».

Викимапия показывает руины из космоса.

Показательно время, когда всё это строилось. Дело в том, что именно в VII веке в Крым начали активно пребывать дружинники Хазарского Каганата, активно присваивая себе территории по ходу своего движения. Так уж случилось, что не все местные разделяли энтузиазм хазар, потому многие решили уйти подальше в горы. Часть из них и обосновалась на Бойке. Позже вся эта местность вошла во владения княжества Феодоро.

Так бы ребята и жили в этой замечательной местности, однако в XV веке на Крымские земли позарилась Османская Империя. Не долго думая, турки вводят сюда свой миротворческий контингент, который равняет с землей города и крепости княжества, в том числе и «Почтенную Пойку» с её храмом, а выживших феодоритов отправляет на исправительные работы, сиречь, на галеры. С тех пор на Бойке никто не селился, а руины позарастали и превратились в объект изучения для любителей «мест силы», что бы это ни значило.

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